O fundador do Nubank vai doar toda sua fortuna. Leia a carta dele

Com isso, David Vélez se junta ao magnata brasileiro Elie Horn como o único latino-americano a assinar o Giving Pledge, programa iniciado por Warren Buffett em 2010

Modo escuro

David Vélez: fundador do Nubank se comprometeu a doar a maior parte de sua fortuna. (Germano Lüders/Exame)

David Vélez: fundador do Nubank se comprometeu a doar a maior parte de sua fortuna. (Germano Lüders/Exame)


Publicado em 11 de agosto de 2021, 16h33.

Última atualização em 13 de agosto de 2021, 16h30.

Por Felipe Marques, da Bloomberg

David Vélez, o fundador do maior banco digital independente do mundo, Nubank, assinou a iniciativa Giving Pledge, em que se compromete a doar a maior parte de sua fortuna para ajudar a resolver problemas sociais.

Leia a carta em que Vélez justifica o compromisso (em inglês)

Ele e a esposa, Mariel Reyes, assumiram o compromisso em um comunicado conjunto divulgado hoje. Com isso, Vélez se junta ao magnata do mercado imobiliário brasileiro Elie Horn como o único latino-americano rico a assinar o Giving Pledge, programa iniciado por Warren Buffett em 2010, junto com Bill Gates e sua então esposa Melinda, para incentivar os ricos a doarem para a filantropia ou causas de caridade.

David Vélez, do Nubank

David Vélez, do Nubank. (Germano Lüders/Exame)

Nascido em Medelín, na Colômbia, Vélez fundou o Nubank em 2013, após uma carreira em private equity. O banco digital com sede em São Paulo se tornou uma potência financeira com mais de 40 milhões de clientes e recentemente foi avaliado em US$ 30 bilhões em uma rodada privada que incluiu a Berkshire Hathaway de Buffett.

Vélez e sua esposa criarão “uma nova plataforma filantrópica familiar que se concentrará em melhorar as oportunidades criadas para as crianças e jovens adultos mais vulneráveis ​​e desfavorecidos da América Latina”, segundo o comunicado. Os dois cresceram na região -- a esposa de Vélez é peruana.

A carta de David Vélez ao The Giving Pledge


Na carta em que justifica a doação, Vélez aponta quatro principais motivos para a medida:

  • A vida é finita e a mortalidade é incontestável. “Não vamos poder levar nossas posses para onde quer que formos”
  • Há um limite de dinheiro que se pode gastar. “Não podemos usar dois pares de sapato ao mesmo tempo”
  • Criar um ambiente familiar favorável ao desenvolvimento dos filhos. “Queremos que nossos filhos construam o próprio caminho”
  • Existe uma extrema urgência em investir para melhorar a vida de milhões de pessoas. “Nesta era de abundância para alguns, milhões de pessoas vão dormir de estômago vazio”

Leia a íntegra do documento:

We have always been motivated by investing our time and energy in tackling big, impactful problems. Perhaps this need comes from both of us growing up in Latin America, a region that has so much potential but where many millions still live in poverty and have few opportunities in life to grow and develop fully.

We have been lucky. Our families have always provided us with those opportunities that so many others just don’t ever have. Our families have also provided us with a deep social conscience where life's meaning is derived from making a difference in people's lives: in making the most of our opportunity to create opportunities for others. This is the spirit that has guided our journey.

Mariel has devoted her last six years building and growing {reprograma}, a Brazil-based non-profit startup that trains underprivileged women in one of the scarcest skill sets in Latin America: computer programming. David, following a life-long dream of being an entrepreneur, enlisted in a multi-decade mission to bring more competition and efficiency to Latin American financial services by founding Nubank, a consumer-obsessed neobank with tens of millions of customers.

These and the family that we are building together are the projects of our lives. 

Destiny, and a lot of hard work, have granted us a level of success we would have never thought possible when we first started. And with that, comes a new level of financial success that has made us reflect profoundly on how to best use this newly acquired wealth. While this decision seemed very large at first, we were both surprised to find out that we reached an answer faster than we thought: we should invest the majority of our wealth the same way we are investing the majority of our time- by helping to improve people's lives.

Reaching this conclusion follows actually a fairly rational and simple logic, and we would love to share this with as many people as possible:

  1. Life is finite: our mortality is uncontestable and we won't be able to take with us any possessions to wherever we go next. What is the point of dying with too many material possessions when a gesture could radically transform someone’s entire journey?
  2. We can't wear two pairs of shoes at the same time: there is a limit as to how much money anyone can spend, and after a certain point, additional wealth just doesn't bring additional happiness nor utility. But the satisfaction of building a purposeful life, that’s endless.
  3. We want to enable our children to build their own path by developing themselves fully: we want to create a family environment where our children receive all the love and support they need while being able to feel that "sense of desperation" that every human being requires; that feeling that we desperately want something we lack, which pushes us to work extremely hard to get it. We think enabling our children to acquire a sense of purpose by building their own path and not walking under anyone else's will help them build self-confidence and a strong character.
  4. There is extreme urgency to invest wealth now to help improve the lives of hundreds of millions of people: in this era of abundance for some, hundreds of million of people are going to bed every evening with an empty stomach, are waiting months until they can see a doctor, or are tirelessly trying to build a better life but just can't find one helping hand. Many of these problems just can't wait, and we want to work with extreme urgency to contribute to solving them.

The simplicity and yet profoundness of the above logic leads us to conclude that for us the most natural and truthful path is to invest this wealth until "our last check bounces", as one of our personal heroes, Chuck Feeney, likes to say.

This is why we have decided to join The Giving Pledge and commit to donate the majority of our wealth to philanthropy. We will do this by establishing a new family philanthropic platform that will focus on improving the opportunity set for the most vulnerable and disadvantaged Latin American children and young adults. Opportunity is not equally distributed, and we think there are millions of people today that are willing to work hard to build better communities and countries, but many times just lack access to opportunities to catapult them into a different life trajectory of positive societal impact. With this initiative, we seek to build a completely unique philanthropic platform in Latin America and we are already recruiting a world class team to join us and help us to tackle some of these big problems in non-conventional ways. 

In parallel, Mariel will continue her involvement in {reprograma} and David his complete commitment to continue leading and growing Nubank into one of the most impactful companies in the world. We expect to dedicate the next five decades of our lives (and hopefully more!), as well as the majority of our wealth, focus and energy, to these worthy and engaging missions, and invite our children, family and friends to join us in this exciting new journey. 

David Vélez and Mariel Reyes